Case Study: Biofortification of Staple Food Crops - A Sustainable Solution to Micronutrient Malnutrition?

Case Conceptual Analysis

Protagonist Decision Analysis

Suggested Resources

The Golden Rice Project

After 30 years, is a GM food breakthrough finally here? The Guardian. Feb 2 2013.

The Deadly Opposition to Genetically Modified Foods

G. Bodulovic, 2005. Is the European Union attitude to GM products suffocating African development? Functional Plant Biology 32(12):1069-1075.

GREENPEACE (2005). All that glitters is not gold: the false hope of "Golden Rice". Genetic Engineering Briefing Pack.

This Rice Could Save a Million Kids a Year. Time Magazine, July 2000.

C.P. Timmer (2003) Biotechnology and food systems in developing countries. Journal of Nutrition. 133: 3319-3322.

Additional Resources

TED Talk May 2015 The Case for Engineering Our Food

Dennis Miller (2004). Genetically modified foods.

Andrew Pollack (2006). Biotech's sparse harvest. New York Times. Business Section. February 14, 2006.

I. Potrykus, 2003. Nutritionally enhanced rice to combat malnutrition disorders of the poor. Nutrition Review 6 (2):101-104.

K. Ammann, 2003. Biodiversity and agricultural biotechnology: A review of the impact of agricultural biotechnology on biodiversity.

A. Bakshi, 2003. Potential adverse health effects of genetically modified crops. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews. 6(3): 211-25.

I. Serageldin, 2002. World poverty and hunger - the challenge of science. Science 296:54-58.

J.R. Backstrand, 2002. The history and future of food fortification in the United States: A public health perspective. Nutrition Reviews. 2002; 60(1):15-26.

M. Teitel, 2001. Genetically engineered food: not ready for prime time. Nutrition 17(1):61-62.

N.E. Borlaug, 2000. Ending world hunger: The promise of biotechnology and the threat of antiscience zealotry. Plant Physiology 124(2):487-490.

I. Darnton-Hill and R. Nalubola R., 2002. Fortification strategies to meet micronutrient needs: successes and failures. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 61(2):231-241.

D. Dawe, R. Robertson and L. Unnevehr, 2002. Golden rice: what role could it play in alleviation of vitamin A deficiency? Food Policy 27(5-6):541-560.

R.E. Evenson and D. Gollin, 2003. Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000. Science 300:758-762.

M.C. Falk, B.M. Chassy, S.K Harlander, T.J.Hoban, M.N. McGloughlin and A.R. Akhlaghi, 2002. Food biotechnology: benefits and concerns. J Nutr 132(6):1384-1390.

R.D. Graham, R.M. Welch and H.E.Bouis, 2001. Addressing micronutrient malnutrition through enhancing the nutritional quality of staple foods: principles, perspectives, and knowledge gaps. Advances in Agronomy. 2001. 70:77-142.

M. Livermore, 2002. The role of modern biotechnology in developing country agriculture. Nutrition-Bulletin27(1): 47-50.

B. Lonnerdal, 2003. Genetically modified plants for improved trace element nutrition. J Nutr. 133(5 Suppl 1):1490S-3S.

P. Lucca, R.Hurrell and I.Potrykus, 2002. Fighting iron deficiency anemia with iron-rich rice. J Am College Nutr. 21:184S-190S.

V. Mannar and E.B. Gallego, 2002. Iron fortification: Country level experiences and lessons learned. J Nutr. 132:856S-858S.

M. Nestle, 2001. Genetically engineered "golden" rice unlikely to overcome vitamin A deficiency. J Am Diet Assoc;101(3):289-90.

P. Pinstrup-Andersen, 2002. Food and agricultural policy for a globalizing world: preparing for the future. Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 84(5):1201-1214.

P.H. Raven, 2002. Science, sustainability, and the human prospect. Science 297:954-958.

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Link to India's Ministry of Agriculture:

Link for access to PDF Files
ix. Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture
x. Promoting Hybrid Rice Seeds

Information on Peopli Live, film

NPR Story on Peopli Live

Link to "The Independent" Article: 1,500 farmers commit mass suicide in India

Link to "The Independent" Article: Indian Farmers Give Wary Nod to GM Trials

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