INTEC Dominican Republic

Population case study: conceptual analysis

Relocating families from the overpopulated Karatu district to a less populated area in another district could sound as a completely viable strategy, in the intention of giving them a better life style. Highlighting the fact that they have not enough land, space, food, opportunities, medical attention, resources, and any other conditions that will facilitate their moving to another less populated area with "better conditions" in some way. We have to realise that they're people, and as people they have their own thoughts about what's good for them and their families, and what is not. We cannot just get there to tell me that a percent of them have to move, that wouldn't be ethical at all, and here starts the ethical issue, how of them have to move away from their home land? Which parameters are we taking to know who's able to stay and who's not? Whom are we going to keep living as normally? Whose land keeps working? These questions must be answered before trying to get a solution for this issue, if we don't treat this with ethical standards, we're taking the risk of being partial and biased by our personal preferences and opinions about this.

As everything in life, we have different views in the resolution to this report, so I will write a tiny fraction of them in the following list of conditions that would facilitate this approach:

- Acceptance of the population to move to another district.
- Education about the convenience of a better life style.
- Making a list of the advantages and disadvantages of the new district( this includes food, shelter, education, job creation and so on).
- The content of the mentioned list should offer enough advantages to be significant to take a decision.

Family planning education is the most important component of a comprehensive strategy to address overpopulation, because this is the first step forward to make them look to a better and brighter future, full of opportunities and a decent life style. This strategy could have a couple limitations to can be accomplished, for example:

- Idiomatic wall: this is a very important factor in the fight against trying to educate people about overpopulation, we could have some misunderstandings that may affect the education program.

- Culture, religion and thoughts: these are very delicate subjects, we have to understand that they have a too much different country in general comparing it with ours, and our way of thinking and to act may be interpreted as an offence.

- Level of education: the level of education is the key and the base to build up a correct answer to their issues, if we have not a basic level of education would be even harder to raise awareness of their situation.

The effects of increasing the access to health care on family planning would have positive and negative impacts, some of them will love the idea and some of them will not. If they take the family planning would definitely reduce the birth rate, and therefore, the overpopulation, which is the effect that we're looking for. In another hand, there will be a high percentage of people that will not be agree and that will go against our plan by being a negative influence on the people that's agree.

The effects of overpopulation on the environment are fulminating. One approach to resolving the problem that accompany overpopulation might be government imposed sanctions limiting development in an area, this would carry some effects on the economic stability of a family living in the area, as they stop working on the area and thus, they don't produce money, and that will eventually increase the criminality in the area. I think that overpopulation should be approached on the national and local levels, because we're talking about a whole district, and these spheres work together, taking general decisions that will benefit almost everyone.

In my opinion the basic problem and dilemma related to population and sustainable development is education, without education we cannot get over the past, the present and the future issues in every society. If we have no education would be impossible to raise awareness about problems and solutions, in health, work, nutrition, etc.

In the case study it is started that "sustainability is not a matter of awareness but of social, political and economic relations", putting some arguments that can be put for and against this proposition would be inadequate because we need a counsel to investigate whether the arguments given are actually validated by a group with ethical standards to say if it is or not adequate.

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