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Hey! my name is Karina J. Terrero. I'm a medicine student at INTEC, Dominican Republic. I enjoy spending time with friends and family, learn new languages and acquire knowledge from different sources especially medical TV shows.
I'm definitely looking foward to see different points of view about the debated situations and keep learning new stuff from this seminars members. 😊

Its me! by Jissel FamiliaJissel Familia, 25 May 2019 11:28

The basic problem may be for not having developed strategies that can put into action the population aware of a sustainable consumption and production in which both the current inhabitants and future generations would benefit.

The basic dilemma can be interpreted as the overexploitation of resources by humans that have a selfish nature that leads them only to ensure their welfare. The human egoism born due to the desperation for obtaining resources to feed their families will be the factor that causes the imminent end of the environment.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 29 Apr 2019 00:27

The approach of overpopulation should occur both locally and nationally, I think that to be able to control overpopulation a little more, they should:
- Promote migration plans, so that a number of people migrate to a less populated place and thus there is a more equal distribution, since there are cities with a lot of concentration of people and other rural areas where there is hardly a house.
- Put taxes for each birth, if people must pay more for each child, they will try not to have so many to avoid such a high amount of taxes.
- Promote contraceptive measures, so that people develop more control over the birth rate.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 28 Apr 2019 23:40

I believe that social, political, and economic relations play a large role in sustainability by fostering the exchange of both knowledge and technologies. However, without awareness, support, and a true desire to enact change on the part of the individual, the potential for pushback or resistance against the conditions put in place exists which could quickly reverse any progress made with respect to sustainability. People have to be intrinsically motivated with actions they implement in order to purposefully live a lifestyle of sustainability. Even if there were policies in place or social movements, individuals who are not convinced could become resistant and counterproductive of sustainability. Without awareness, sustainability may not be as effective in the long run.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 28 Apr 2019 23:14

Overpopulation is one of the main problems that deteriorate the environment, because the progressive increase and saturation of the population in a certain region, causes many animal and plant species to be extinguished by the advance of urban masses, pollution, which is a problem that gets bigger every day due to the use of more vehicles and the industrialization of emerging countries.

With regard to government sanctions to limit overpopulation, this would preserve the environment, but would halt the economic progression of families that depend on the widespread use of land.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 28 Apr 2019 22:30

Among the effects of greater access to medical care in family planning is the ability of women to decide if they want to get pregnant and when it has a direct impact on their health and well-being, distancing pregnancies and postponing them in the young people who are at higher risk of dying because of premature procreation, which decreases maternal mortality. By reducing the rate of unwanted pregnancies, family planning also decreases the need for dangerous abortions.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 25 Apr 2019 09:05

Education is of the utmost importance since family planning is the key to reducing the unsustainable growth of the population and the negative effects it has on the economy, the environment and national and regional efforts to achieve development.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 25 Apr 2019 08:57

I think it is a good strategy to relocate families from the Karatu district to another less populated district, since it would improve their quality of life both for them and for future generations and would have a better conservation of natural resources. Since they would be sent to a less populated area, the government should provide them with basic services so that they can survive on a day to day basis.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 25 Apr 2019 08:56

I am in favor of GMOs, because I know that it would help increase and benefit the health of my community, I would see how to adapt this new idea to the community. It can be difficult at the beginning, when the majority of the population opposes an idea, because if they are not ready to accept it, no matter how beneficial their results, they will not listen. That's why I think you have to interact and listen to the reasons why they think it would not be convenient to consume GMOs and then guide them about them. As a government official I would recommend allowing you to choose whether or not you want to consume GMOs, launch guidance campaigns for the use of GMOs, more research on GMOs and acceptable standards of their use.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 23 Apr 2019 03:39

I think that the acceptance of golden rice depends a lot on education, we see this reflected in how the most developed countries have accepted it, while underdeveloped countries still struggle against it, having all its benefits clear. I think that if the government makes several publicity campaigns the product and all its benefits for health over time the product could begin to be incorporated little by little into the daily diet of each person.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 23 Apr 2019 02:56

Biotechnological applications in agri-food have improved the efficiency of production and the safety of food. What should be taken into account is that, in the same way that commercialization advances, some control measures should be narrowed in the type of place and the way to grow the seeds.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 23 Apr 2019 01:46

I think that the application of biotechnological strategies to agriculture outweigh the possible risks, opening a wide range of potential benefits, although many of these benefits may not be achieved if there is not a good organization of technology and innovation systems based on of biotechnology and its interrelation with traditional agricultural research, biosafety considerations and consumer acceptance.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 23 Apr 2019 01:44

I do not think I would offend any religious beliefs by agreeing to the genetic modification of organisms, because I do so in order to help prevent nutritional deficiencies in the population, since the technology to add nutrients to food is well developed and the Fortification is one of the most beneficial public health interventions available, I do not see any excessive danger.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 22 Apr 2019 00:46

I agree that in order to improve health, biodiversity must change, since with the help of biotechnology the micronutrient deficit can be eradicated, preventing diseases characterized by these, it would also put an end to the high rate of infant mortality, susceptibility to Infectious diseases, delay in the cognitive and physical development of children, providing them with better health throughout their lives. I think we should be more receptive to changes, more when they have a precise and tangible end of which you are the beneficiary, it is not worth clinging to something that over time you know does not meet your expectations.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 22 Apr 2019 00:40

The collection of N. lobata would alter biodiversity, but it is nothing compared to how beneficial it would be for the treatment of Chagas disease in Costa Rica, since its appearance among the population is frequent. A large part of the population that suffers from Chagas can not afford it, as increasing the plantation of N. lobata would make it more affordable for them to obtain the plant both for treatment and for the other benefits it offers.

I think that probably a group of foreigners are the ones who would be harvesting the plant, since the companies when they are going to start a project have already chosen the personnel with whom they are going to work.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 21 Apr 2019 19:21

I think that they should be compensated recognizing the work that each one did to carry out such a great feat, they should give a percentage of the profits to each one, but half of the profits to the Guaymi indigenous group, because they already knew the utility of this plant. Also, for each sample that will be taken to investigate, plant more plants, so that over time they do not become extinct and can continue to enjoy their benefits.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 20 Apr 2019 08:16

They should carry out more randomized studies or applying the double blind method to traditional medicines to know their efficacy, adverse effects and contraindications. Also, a specific dose should be sought in which it can be consumed to avoid poisoning caused by the use of plants in erroneous quantities.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 20 Apr 2019 07:09

- Among the advantages of indigenous remedies we can find:
• They are less aggressive to the body. They usually lack or have minimal side effects.
• They promote general well-being, not just fight a symptom. Many natural treatments also help you with your emotions.
• They have no long-term effects. Unlike many medicines that leave substances in your body that can damage your organs.
• They are more economical.
• They are holistic, not specific. They look at the body as a whole, they are interested in everything being well, not a part.
• They are not aggressive with the body. Being natural, with exceptions, they are easy to assimilate and eliminate.
• They are preventive. You can receive treatment before symptoms of the disease appear.

- Among the disadvantages of indigenous remedies we can find:
• They are not subjected to the same quality controls. Many products may not be what they promise.
• With less supervision, there is also exposure to non-sanitary or contaminated sources.
• They are slower. Most treatments focus on the source of the problem, not on the symptom, so the symptom may take longer to disappear.
• Doses are poorly controlled.
• By not being specific, they are less effective in alleviating an acute problem.
• Many natural treatments are not covered by insurance, so their cost must be assumed additionally.
• They usually have problems in dealing with emergencies.

Both modern and traditional medicine share the same essential nature and differences would arise, simply because of the branch in which each one unfolds. Both must learn to coexist to overcome the obstacles that this apparent, but not absolute division supposes. Mutual respect is important, in such a way that we can establish an intercultural dialogue, finding the meeting points that can lead us to improve the health levels of our population.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 20 Apr 2019 07:04

They should be informed that regardless of whether they are illegal immigrants they will be given medical attention with adequate services and treatments. They should be informed that disease and make sure they understand what may happen to them, so that they can prevent the consequences that this disease brings, since at any time they may be in contact and not take any action either because the Vector seems harmless or lack of information, because the belief that triatomines are harmful, is related more by its hematophagous character than with the possibility of transmitting a disabling and deadly disease.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 20 Apr 2019 05:05

The excessive work and precarious conditions in which Adrián and the other workers were living in wooden houses with thatched roofs created an environment that favored the colonization of the triatomines and consequently the transmission of Chagas disease.

There is a greater risk of contracting the disease without an improvement of rural housing, without the correct orientation on the disease, its consequences and prevention. If there is no integration of activities that facilitate undocumented workers improve their social situation, thus remaining the same customs, unemployment, illiteracy, lack of sanitation services and poverty.

Respuesta by HeidyMedrano (INTEC)HeidyMedrano (INTEC), 20 Apr 2019 04:45
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